*information obtained from African-American Healthy by Richard Walker Jr, M.D
It is estimated that up to 365,000 thousand deaths are caused by obesity in the United States every year. Since the 1980s, the numbers of overweight children in this country has doubled while the numbers of overweight adolescents has tripled.
Being overweight increases your body’s workload which puts pressure on your heart and other organs, and thereby raising your risk of cardiovascular disease and kidney disease.
DID YOU KNOW: the accumulation of fat results in inflammation and elevated hormone levels; both of which may lead to cancer.
Furthermore, Obesity plays a vital role in type 2 diabetes and hypertension; both of which are major characteristics to kidney failure. The heavier you are, the more work your kidneys have to do to keep your body functioning properly. Eventually, your organs will start to get worn out and slowly start to fail.
2 Ways to Determine If You’re Overweight
- measuring the circumference of your waist
- measuring your BMI (body mass index)
BMI indirectly determines your amount of body fat by assessing your weight relative to your height.
Calculating your BMI (Body Mass Index)
Weight (lbs) / height (in) x height (in) x 703
- < 18.5 (underweight)
- 18.5 to 24.9 (normal)
- 25.0 to 29.9 (overweight)
- 30.0 to 34.9 (obesity class 1)
- 35.0 to 39.9 (obesity class 2)
- > 40.0 (obesity class 3)
Being overweight or obese simply means that your body has accumulated too much body fat. In addition, there is a direct link between visceral obesity and heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, as well as certain types of cancer.
An overabundance of fat cells promotes insulin resistance which can lead to type 2 diabetes; which leads to inflammation, hypertension and kidney disease.
Fat cells also disrupts your hormone levels and this disruption results in inflammation and high blood pressure. Obesity places a tremendous strain on your heart muscle, which can eventually cause a heart attack.
Excess body fat can increase the production of a cancer-promoting estrogen called “estrone” which along with inflammation could lead to cancer such as prostate, breast, kidney and uterine.
Did You Know: many diseases are interconnected by this single factor (excess body fat) The famous Framingham heart study, proved that your life span decreases as your body mass index increases.